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Gulain Amani MUSHIZI
Jean-Louis GENARD


Following on from the article on the pitfalls in the implementation of urban planning in Kinshasa, this study in turn analyses the use of the mechanisms mobilised by the players in the urban production process and examines the resulting urban fabric. In a context marked by difficulties in controlling urban development in the city of Kinshasa, new challenges are emerging and giving rise to new forms of governance that are often described as 'informal'. In a post-colonial context, where the state is failing to carry out urban planning and regulation, and at the same time there is ongoing negotiation between players in the fields of urban planning and land tenure, this article explores the interactions between official logic (urban planning instruments) and social dynamics (the city as appropriated by its inhabitants). What clearly emerges is a hybridity in the use of these instruments by the players (public and private). However, rather than lamenting what is generally described as chaos, informality and an absence of urban planning, this study looks ahead to the real urban fabric, rather than the idealised one, by suggesting that the first step is to seek to understand the land and property business and this urban planning in the hands of intermediaries, with a view to the creation of a new urban fabric. 

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Original Research Article