Guy Bakumba Mangitukulu


This article describes the question of the spatial dynamics of an urban fabric which seems neither planned nor spontaneous, posed by the emergence of mobility nodes as polarities and poses the hypothesis of the supports of a policy of alternative mobility in Kinshasa. The focus is to describe the emergence of the urban services pole in the most populous districts of the Congolese capital. These working-class neighborhoods are developing without institutional planning in Kinshasa-Est. There are a number of nodes including the Freedom Market node that develop along national road number one [(RN1) boulevard Lumumba]. This road is the only road that connects the eastern part of Kinshasa and the remains of the city. The mobility flows that leave Kinshasa for N’djili international airport and the former province of Bandundu as well as the flows that leave from within the fabric pass through this node. There are urban dynamics around this node which generate spaces, squares, habitat, polarities, activities, shops and facilities. There is a transformation of the typology of the habitat and the uses of plots without proactive planning, but by the initiatives of local actors through a form of contract comparable to a joint venture with the owners of the plots living around the node.


Original research article